Salivary Gland Disorders

There are two types of salivary glands, major and minor, both that may cause problems. The minor salivary glands are found in most areas of the mouth.  The major salivary glands are paired structures and are called the parotid, submandibular and sublingual glands.

Salivary Gland

Many people complain that they have a dry mouth. This is known as xerostomia. This is one of the myriad of problems that can occur when your saliva glands do not function properly. Xerostomia can also be caused by problems other than disorders of the salivary glands such as prescription medications for other health problems. Dr. Falcone can help identify and treat these problems medically and surgically.

Salivary stones (sialoliths) can form in the salivary gland ducts, which can decrease or block salivary flow.  If left untreated, t
his obstruction can cause acute pain, swelling and infection. Many times salivary stones will require surgical removal. Sometimes the affected salivary gland will require removal, also.

Salivary ducts especially those of the sublingual gland and minor salivary glands are frequently traumatized and injured beneath the surface mucosa. Saliva and mucous that is produced by these glands can then pool and accumulate beneath the surface mucosa within the soft tissues of the mouth. Pseudocysts are then formed.  These are called mucoceles, 
sialoceles, or ranulas depending on their type and location. Surgical intervention is needed to correct these types of problems.

Salivary glands themselves can be subject to pathologic lesions and cancer in some instances. If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms or other problems with your salivary glands, Dr. Falcone can advise the proper course of therapy. Delay in treatment can cause significant injury, so do not wait until it is too late.  Call us for an appointment today!